IS WRONG, SOMETHING IS TOO BIG."
From Leopold Kohr's most seminal work The Breakdown of Nations
As the physicists
of our time have tried to elaborate an integrated single theory,
capable of explaining not only some but all phenomena of the physical
universe, so I have tried on a different plane to develop a single
theory through which not only some but all phenomena of the social
universe can be reduced to a common denominator. The result is a new
and unified political philosophy centering on the theory of size. It
suggests that there seems only one cause behind all forms of social
There seems to be only one cause
behind all forms of social misery:
Oversimplified as this may seem, we shall find the idea more easily
if we consider that bigness, or oversize, is really much more than just
a social problem. It appears to be the one and only problem permeating
all creation.Whenever something is wrong, something is too big.
if the body of a people becomes diseased with the fever of aggression,
brutality, collectivism, or massive idiocy, it is not because it has
victim to bad leadership or mental derangement. It is because human
so charming as individuals or in small aggregations have been welded
overconcentrated social units. That is when they begin to slide into
catastrophe. For social problems, to paraphrase the population doctrine
of Thomas Malthus, have the unfortunate tendency to grow at a geometric
ratio with the growth of the organism of which they are part, while the
ability of man to cope with them, if it can be extended at all, grows
at an arithmetic ratio. Which means that, if a society grows beyond its
optimum size, its problems must eventually outrun the growth of those
faculties which are necessary for dealing with them.
Hence it is always bigness, and only bigness, which is the problem of existence. The problem is not to grow but to stop growing; the answer: not union but division.
"A small-state world would not only solve the problems of social brutality and war; it would solve the problems of oppression and tyranny. It would solve all problems arising from power."